Person-centered therapy is a form of talking therapy coined by psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s. It’s primary goal is to help provide clients an opportunity to develop their own sense of self, enabling them to understand how their attitudes, feelings and behaviours are being negatively affected, aiming to help them find their true positive potential. Some have criticised this theoretical approach for seeming to lack structure, and praised by others for providing the core “conditions” necessary for effecting change and has thus been proven by many to be both effective and popular with clients.
Rogers identified the six core conditions necessary to effect change which include:
The working relationship (therapeutic alliance)
Vulnerability to Anxiety
Genuineness (the therapist is “truly” themselves)
Client’s perception of the Therapist’s Genuineness
Therapists Unconditional Positive Regard (UPR) for the client
Looking at your life in the present – rather than the past or future, with congruency, faith in your own thoughts and feelings and responsibility towards your sense of self and your freedom, participating fully in the world are the hallmarks of Roger’s Person Centred Therapy. Rogers also believes that the client is the expert of their own lives and has the tools within them to make the changes required, which are “facilitated” by the therapist. The therapy is by its own definition non-directive. In other words, the therapist provides the core conditions necessary for the client to be able to move forwards.